The impact of Games on the Communicative Readiness of Children for School
Preschool Age is the period of a child’s active assimilation of a spoken language along with the formation and development of various parts of speech. It is important to teach a child to articulate his thoughts, plans, moods, desires with the help of words and sentences, and not just by emotions. Most importantly, it is necessary to develop and shape the child’s verbal communication through speech therapy groups.
The greatest effect of the work on the development of speech of preschoolers will be obtained, if done through a variety of games. One of the types of games is the verbal didactic game. For instance, word games built on the words and actions of the children based on existing ideas about various things, help them learn. These help to increase and deepen their knowledge. This is possible because in such games, one tends to use previously acquired knowledge to new relationships, in new circumstances. Word games foster a desire in children to get engaged in mental work, which is also very important in preparing them for school.
Children are free to decide a variety of mental tasks such as describing objects, highlighting their characteristic features, guessing through description, grouping objects by different properties and characteristics. In carrying out such games, children develop speech, memory, attention, logical thinking and visual perception. Teachers are well aware of the fact that preschool children are very expressive and easily lend themselves to the emotional impact.
Games have a lasting effect on children. They encourage children to communicate with one another, help to perpetuate the skills of using the initiative speech, help in the improvement of spoken language and enrichment of the dictionary. Above all, they also have an impact on the formation of the grammatical structure of the language.
There are many other games also that can be helpful in this such as trip games, designed to reinforce impression, to draw the attention of children to what is next. Such games help them in sharpening their observation, and increasing exposure to overcome difficulties, games based on actions with objects, toys, verbal orders, assumption games like “what would have happened if …..” seek to create a situation that requires understanding of subsequent steps. There are also puzzle games based on testing knowledge, and resourcefulness. By solving puzzles, a child develops the ability to analyze, synthesize and forms the ability to reason and draw conclusion. In addition to such games, are the games based on conversation. Such games help in developing communication. The core is the immediacy of interest, experience and goodwill. This game demands for increased emotional and cognitive processes. The child starts focussing on the content, tries to question and answer, and makes judgement. Informative material for this kind of game should be given to the optimum extent, and should be accessible and understandable in order to arouse interest of children. Informative material is determined by the lexical theme, the content of the game. The game, in turn, must comply with the mental capabilities of children.
Words help the child to reveal his thoughts and feelings, to understand the experiences of the partners, to agree with their actions. Games, thus, help in generating words in child’s brain and thus help in developing communication.
Thus, the impact of games can be seen in a child gaining understanding of size, shape and texture through play. Games help a child learn relationships when he tries to put a square object in a round opening or a large object in a small space. All this adds to a child’s vocabulary making him creative while developing his own imagination.